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Destination Guide to Italy

Italy is a European country sitting on the Mediterranean Sea that has left deep impressions on the Western world, especially with its cuisine. Italy is home to many tourist destinations and landmarks including the capital city of Rome, the Vatican, and other major tourist cities such as Florence, Venice, and Milan. These cities combined attract about 48.6 million as of 2014, and the number of visitors increase each year.

Highlights of Italy

Tourists visiting Italy can also enjoy seeing masterpieces like Michelangelo’s “David” and Brunelleschi’s “Duomo.” Italy is also home to many historical museums which display pieces from as far back to the days of the Roman Empire when Italy was a global force in economics, culture, politics, and military strength. The same still holds true today as Italy is a powerful, affluent country whose citizens continue to enjoy a high standard of living.
Italy is home to plenty of other great works from great artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Giotto, Titan, Raphael, and Botticelli. Most of these art museums and exhibits are located in Florence, the home of the Renaissance. The Renaissance movement swept throughout Europe during the late part of the Middle Ages and ended up expanding from Italy to Northern Europe, France, and England rapidly after the revolutionary ideas took root in Italy. The Renaissance brought a new mindset to Italy as it was characterized by another surge of classical scholarship and values.
Florence was also home to many of the prevalent artists of that time. These artists were able to create more realistic looking art than the artists of the Medieval period. Italy is a world-class destination for anyone with an appreciation of art who wants to see what has shaped the world of art today.

Destination Geography

Italy is a country located in southern Europe and shares a large majority of its coastline with the Mediterranean Sea. Italy is close to several other bodies of water including the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea as well as many lakes including Lake Como, Lake Orta, and Lake Iseo.
Besides being home to many bodies of water, by which many beautiful resorts were constructed, Italy is also home to many beautiful mountain ranges. Some of the more well-known mountain ranges include the Apennine Mountains, Mount Edna, the Dolomites, and Stromboli to name a few. The contrast between the sea and lakes and the stunning mountain ranges makes Italy a breathtaking sight to behold for tourists from around the world.
The Italian Peninsula is a boot shape that we have come to associate with the country. Several seas surround the peninsula including the Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Adriatic Sea. There are several islands near the peninsula that are a part of Italy including Lampedusa and Sicily. Many of these islands also have historical sites dating back to ancient times that attract many tourists as well.

The Best Times To Visit

The weather in Italy can reach some extremes during the winter and summer, so most people prefer to visit in the more moderate seasons of either spring or fall. Whenever you decide to visit, be sure to take along plenty of appropriate clothing. In the wintertime, you will want a hat and scarf as well as boots, gloves, and a warm coat. In the summer, be sure to bring plenty of cool clothes that can withstand the heat while you spend your days exploring and don’t forget sunglasses and sunscreen.

What To Know Before You Go

Cover Up In Religious Institutions

Out of respect, ladies will need to cover their shoulders and legs when entering some ancient religious sites and even some modern facilities. Be sure to bring along clothing to cover up when asked.

Most Places Accept Cards

Most tourist attractions throughout Italy will accept credit/debit card payments. But still, keep some cash on hand for those places that may not accept cards.


Give some of the delicious cuisines throughout Italy a try. Gelato comes in many flavors, and some of Italy favorites include le creme, hazelnut, lemon, strawberry, and coffee.


Italy can have frigid winters and sweltering summers, making spring and fall the most pleasant seasons. The wettest months in Italy are from September to January and summers are the driest time. Italy never gets a ton of precipitation, however, November is the “wettest” month with only 4.7 inches of precipitation being the “average.” In July, only about 0.9 inches of precipitation is the norm.

Language Barrier

People at most tourist locations will speak ample English, as well as fluent Italian. Learning some basic Italian phrases such as the following before your trip will help you communicate with more natives and locals:
Buongiorno = Hello/Good Morning
Arrivederci = Goodbye
Per Favor = Please
Grazie = Thank You
Come Sta? = How are you?
Bene, Grazie = Fine, thank you!
Come Ti Chiama? = What Is Your Name?
Mi Chiamo = My Name Is…
Even these basic phrases will help you communicate as a tourist, especially with those who may not be in the tourist industry and may not be as fluent in English as you are as a tourist. That basic communication can aid you throughout your trip and make your experience interacting with the locals much more authentic.

Electricity Standards

Italy’s standard voltage is 230 V, and the frequency is 50 Hz. You will need a converter that converts the typical US 100-120 V of electricity into a 200-240 V over in Italy (and most of Europe). Plan accordingly to ensure that you are able to charge your electronics so you can use them throughout your trip.


The currency in Italy is the Euro as most other countries today.
Italy is the perfect destination for any traveler looking to eat great food, learn about ancient history and enjoy the Mediterranean coast. When you come to Italy, try some authentic Italian gelato, pasta or lasagna. Enjoy beautiful islands by the sea, learn about the history of ancient ruins and landmarks throughout the country and see all Italy has to offer.


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